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LA SOCIEDAD INTERNACIONAL Y EL DERECHO AL AGUA EBOOK

JESUS PIÑUELA MARTIN

Derecho internacional

Derecho

Water is a natural resource that has always been necessary for life, although the quantities of potable drinking water are not indefinite—with nearly 740 million people without access to water and another 2.4 billion people not having sanitary water infrastructures available to them—and this being the middle of the second decade of the 21st century, with full acknowledgement of the human right to potable drinking water—with legal protection—just recently. The coming to be of such a right is only a recent accomplishment in our century, as not having been foreseen in the Declaration of 1948. The demand for this oversight to be corrected has grown to such an extent that the consciousness of water consumption has grown propor…
Water is a natural resource that has always been necessary for life, although the quantities of potable drinking water are not indefinite—with nearly 740 million people without access to water and another 2.4 billion people not having sanitary water infrastructures available to them—and this being the middle of the second decade of the 21st century, with full acknowledgement of the human right to potable drinking water—with legal protection—just recently. The coming to be of such a right is only a recent accomplishment in our century, as not having been foreseen in the Declaration of 1948. The demand for this oversight to be corrected has grown to such an extent that the consciousness of water consumption has grown proportionately—twice that in superiority to the population growth rate. This elevated hydration distress is found in a wide range of areas across the planet and increasing reduction of potable fresh water, as a consequence of climate change, the exploitation of aquifers, its misusage and contamination in countries in the process of development. In article I.1 of the General Comment No. 15 of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of the UN established in the year 2002 that “The human right to water is indispensable for leading a life in human dignity. It is a prerequisite for the realization of other human rights” deriving from the basic right to food and health. On 28 July 2010, through the resolution 64/292 the United Nations General Assembly explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation and acknowledged that clean drinking water and sanitation are essential to the realization of human rights, both being essential for all other human rights, make a plea worldwide to the International Organizations for allotting resources, technology and training that would assure that all people have access to it, a resolve that was referred to the Council of Human Rights of the UN in September 2010.This laborious milestone that dealt with the opposition of some countries, such as the United States, seen as reluctant to accept the proposals of the managing politicians in resolving the lack of financial resources to make possible the work that will assure it availability, quality control the purification of this precious liquid, when obligated without lucrative motive, privatization of its installation, control and distribution and by the attempts of certain enterprises to accumulate numerous benefits by taking advantage of the circumstances, which adds to the difficulties in resolving its shortage, in areas of water distress, risking finding solution provokes continued shortages and even more inequality in its distribution then already exists. The multinational corporations, sometimes inclined to bribes and commissions, using their social networks and influence, are receiving alarming concessions of water management exploitation and achieving authorizations for large scale construction and with the aim of providing and conducting ways for making its supply laborious to certain populations, with the goodwill and support of the World Bank and the World Trade Organization. The citizens begin to mobilize themselves also against the commercial practices. Recently, after the massive collection of signatures to present a petition to the EU—named the “European Citizens Initiative (ECI)” this ECI managed to achieve that the European Parliament Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety supports the public management of water, recognizing that it is a condition of human rights to require water (RIGHT2WATER). But not all areas of the planet, nor all groups, have available such a right to participation in a transnational democracy such as that as the ECI, not all benefit from the International Cooperation (Sub-Saharan Africa is greatly forgotten by international intervention), nor the same c...

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