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QUICKLET ON RICHARD DAWKINS' THE SELFISH GENE (CLIFFNOTES-LIKE BOOK SUMMARY&ANALYSIS) EBOOK

ELSPETH MICHAELS, 

RICHARD DAWKINS

Estudios generales

Matemáticas

Ciencias

ABOUT THE BOOKIn a 2006 interview with Meet the Author, the year when The Selfish Gene celebrated its 30th anniversary, Richard Dawkins had this to say:“...If I had to write it again, I wouldnt write it very differently. It has been described as a revolutionary book, in one respect it is. But its only a revolutionary way in looking at orthodox Darwinian natural selection. It helps to look at it in this revolutionary way. It could equally well have been called “the Altruistic Animal,” because if you have selfish genes, which only means that natural selection works at the level of the gene; if you have selfish genes, then you may have altruistic individuals. And thats what the book is about.”What Dawkins describes as “revol…
ABOUT THE BOOKIn a 2006 interview with Meet the Author, the year when The Selfish Gene celebrated its 30th anniversary, Richard Dawkins had this to say:“...If I had to write it again, I wouldnt write it very differently. It has been described as a revolutionary book, in one respect it is. But its only a revolutionary way in looking at orthodox Darwinian natural selection. It helps to look at it in this revolutionary way. It could equally well have been called “the Altruistic Animal,” because if you have selfish genes, which only means that natural selection works at the level of the gene; if you have selfish genes, then you may have altruistic individuals. And thats what the book is about.”What Dawkins describes as “revolutionary,” others have construed as controversial. When The Selfish Gene was first published in 1976, it created a number of waves within the study evolutionary biology, largely dominated by Darwinian doctrine. (One could say it made a splash in the gene pool.) If Darwins idea of natural selection was based on the concept of “survival of the fittest,” then why does altruism exist between individuals? Why arent all living things selfish in a cut-throat battle for survival? Dawkins strove to explain altruism in The Selfish Gene, with the argument that altruistic behavior can be explained through the selfishness of our genes.EXCERPT FROM THE BOOKIf it runs away, chase it! If it comes at you, fight back.) In a relationship such as prey versus predator, Dawkins explains possible strategies. A retaliator doesnt attack aggressively, but will act in a threatening manner. If the opponent attacks first, the retaliator will, as you guessed, retaliate. Retaliators behave based upon their opponents behavior, making them conditional strategists. In addition to retaliators, there are two other kinds of conditional strategies: bullies and prober-retaliators.

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